The bottom line It’s normal to gain about three to five pounds during your period. Generally, it will go away a few days after your period starts.
While everybody is different, on average, most people gain approximately 3-5 pounds during their period which should typically go away about a few days after your period starts.
Period weight gain is a real thing — many women gain between three and five pounds during menstruation. 1 But fear not — those pounds typically don’t stick around.
During your menstrual cycle, it is quite normal to gain about three to five pounds. This weight gain will go away after a few days on its own. However, if you gain more than that, you would have to follow a strict diet, proper workout regime, and keep an eye on your calorie intake.
How much is normal weight gain at this time? Women can gain from 2-10 pounds of excess weight during their menstrual cycle. It is a fallacy to assume that all that weight gain comes only from fluid and water retention.
Hormone levels fluctuate throughout the 28-day menstrual cycle. These changes can affect a person’s appetite and may also lead to fluid retention. Both factors can lead to perceived or actual weight gain around the time of a period. This article describes why a person may gain weight during a period, and how to prevent it.
Read more about mistakes you’re making during your period. Weight gain may be caused by irregular bowel movements. Progesterone can make you a bit constipated, and that may cause you to feel bloated or heavier. This weight gain can even be a mental thing. Maybe you haven’t officially packed on any pounds.
These cravings are often for sweet, salty, or high-fat foods, but unfortunately, these types of unhealthy foods can actually make your PMS symptoms worse. It’s normal to gain three to five pounds before your period, and this weight gain usually goes away a few days after your period starts. How to manage weight gain before your period
| Medically reviewed by a board-certified physician. Updated November 27, 2018. VOISIN/Getty Images. Both weight gain and weight loss can cause you to skip your period and can help regulate your period. Your menstrual cycle is a result of a complex interaction between your ovaries and your brain.
“An average adult has weight fluctuations of up to five pounds in a single day, so it is safe to say that weight changes within that range are normal,” Dr. Chambers says—on your period or not.
Why do I gain weight during my period?
Generally, it will go away a few days after your period starts. Period-related weight gain is caused by hormonal fluctuations. It may be the result of water retention, overeating, sugar cravings, and skipping workouts due to cramps.
As your period begins, your uterus releases prostaglandins. Prostaglandins cause muscle contractions in the uterus and gut. You may have pelvic and abdominal pain. Prostaglandins can also cause diarrhea by disrupting electrolytes and fluid balance in the small intestine.
Period bloating and gastrointestinal issues might also create the sensation of weight gain. To ease water retention, stay hydrated and reduce salt intake . Move around and get regular exercise. You can also take diuretics for water retention or magnesium for bloating.
During your period, hormonal changes can increase gas in your gastrointestinal (GI) tract and cause bloating. Water retention in your abdomen may also lead to bloating. Bloating can be described as feeling tight or swollen in your stomach or other parts of your body. Stomach cramps can also cause the sensation of weight gain.
Throughout your cycle, hormonal fluctuations can lead to GI issues like constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. The discomfort and bloating in your stomach can make you feel like you’ve gained weight. Progesterone increases a week before your period.
Skipping workouts. When you have bloating and cramps, you might be more likely to skip exercise. This can contribute to weight gain, especially if you have increased hunger or cravings. A week before your period, estrogen and progesterone both increase, causing fatigue and low endurance.
Hormonal changes can cause weight gain by increasing water retention. In the days before your period, estrogen and progesterone rapidly decrease. This tells your body that it’s time to begin menstruation. Estrogen and progesterone also control the way your body regulates fluid.
How much weight gain during period?
Many women typically see around two to six pounds of weight gain around their period, but every body is different. Though if you’re experiencing rapid or persistent weight gain, it’s best to speak with a doctor who can determine if there are other issues at play besides your period. Dr.
Chambers. “Eating healthy foods like fruits, vegetables, and lean meats can help minimize calories and prevent excessive intake.”.
Dr. Borchardt says you can combat your hormones—and their side effects on your mood, hydration, and skin—with some supplements to reduce your PMS woes. She recommends a supplement like vitamin B, which can reduce bloating and other PMS symptoms. Get more magnesium in your diet.
Get moving. If you can, stick to your exercise routine in spite of your cramps and fatigue. “At least 30 minutes of exercise daily leading up to and during your cycle, with a good mix between weights and cardio, can help release endorphins and combat the hormonal effects [of your period],” Dr. Borchardt says.
If you’re trying to lose weight or control bloating, make sure you’re hydrated, seek out lean protein like Greek yogurt to keep you full, and eat mindfully. But again, you don’t need to worry about long-term weight gain solely due to body changes that happen temporarily on your period. 3.
Still, you might not feel like waiting around five to seven days for your period to end before your body feels normal.
The female sex hormone estrogen peaks during the latter part of your menstrual cycle, right before your period, says Mary Jane Minkin, MD, clinical professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences at the Yale School of Medicine.
What does it mean to gain weight before your period?
This weight gain is related to hormonal changes that occur in the luteal phase, which is the phase just before you get your period.
Fatty foods. Two things that might be able to help with PMS symptoms are exercising and drinking more water. It might seem counterintuitive, but increased water intake is one of the best things you can do to avoid feeling bloated and reduce the likelihood of weight gain before your period.
The luteal phase is the second phase of your menstrual cycle. It begins right after ovulation and ends when your period starts. Researchers aren’t entirely sure what causes the symptoms associated with premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Some of the most popular explanations include:
These behavioral and physical symptoms can be mild to quite severe and can interfere with everyday life. Some people who experience weight gain before their period also report that their breasts get slightly larger and more tender. Some experience constipation, while others crave certain foods. These cravings are often for sweet, salty, …
Diuretics — Diuretics draw fluid (water) from the body and cause increased urination. You should only take diuretics if prescribed by a health care provider. If you experience monthly weight gain despite making these changes, you may want to consult your health care provider.
A recent study found that low calcium and magnesium levels during the luteal phase lead to more severe PMS symptoms, including weight gain and bloating associated with fluid retention.
What are the symptoms of a period?
abdominal pain . People may feel additional symptoms in the days leading up to a period. Symptoms may include: thirst and appetite changes. breast tenderness. bloating. headache. swelling of the hands or feet. The type, severity, and duration of symptoms will vary from person to person.
the person has a pattern of symptoms 5 days before their period for at least three cycles in a row. the symptoms end within 4 days after their period starts.
Changes in appetite tend to occur at distinct stages of the menstrual cycle called the follicular phase and the luteal phase. The follicular phase.
Water retention and swelling. People may experience increased water and salt retention around the time of their period. This is due to an increase in the hormone progesterone. Progesterone activates the hormone aldosterone, which causes the kidneys to retain water and salt.
Since estrogen suppresses appetite, a person may find that they eat less during this phase. The luteal phase. This phase begins after ovulation and lasts up to the first day of the next period. During the luteal phase, progesterone is the dominant hormone.
Hormone levels fluctuate throughout the 28-day menstrual cycle. These changes can affect a person’s appetite and may also lead to fluid retention . Both factors can lead to perceived or actual weight gain around the time of a period. This article describes why a person may gain weight during a period, and how to prevent it.
found that females tend to eat more protein during the luteal phase of menstruation. Females also report increased food cravings, particularly for sweets, chocolate, and salty foods.
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